Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America and was a renowned politician, author, scientist, inventor, and statesman.
He was also a capable chess player and in his time as ambassador to France in the 1770s and 1780s, he frequented various locales in Paris, looking for opportunities to hone his skills, including the Cafe de la Regence, at the time a meeting place of some of the best players in the world.
During his time in France, he also played against the famous Mechanical Turk.
“The Morals of Chess” is an essay written by him and is one of the first texts about chess that was published in the United States , and still is widely reproduced. One of his most famous quotes states – “Chess teaches foresight, by having to plan ahead; vigilance, by having to keep watch over the whole chess board; caution, by having to restrain ourselves from making hasty moves; and finally, we learn from chess the greatest maxim in life – that even when everything seems to be going badly for us we should not lose heart, but always hoping for a change for the better, steadfastly continue searching for the solutions to our problems.”