What Are the Rules for the Long Jump Event to Be Held at the Tokyo Olympics 2021?

Published 07/04/2021, 3:22 PM EDT


The Olympic Games are held with the objective of determining the best athlete in each sport worldwide. The games up for competition test different aspects such as speed, agility, stamina, physique, and even how far a person can jump. Jumping games are divided into two types, Long Jumps, and High Jumps. 

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The Long jump event is, as the name suggests, based on how far a person can jump from a spot. The length of the jump is what matters here and athletes compete to determine who can register the longest distance in their jump. 

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However, it isn’t that easy as there are several rules to be followed before the jump. Failure to adhere to these rules can result in disqualification from the competition or one’s attempt not being counted. 

Athletes have to go through a run-up process before jumping

Firstly, the athletes are expected to jump inside a sandpit. They must land outside, or the jump will not be counted. All athletes are expected to make a run-up before the jump in order to get maximum momentum.

For this, contestants have to mark the spot from which they will begin the run-up. The entire process of the jump must not exceed 1 minute which is why the ideal run-up distance and technique must be followed. Most importantly, before the jump itself, athletes must make sure they leave the ground ahead of a marking. 

This line is drawn just ahead of the sandpit and athletes are expected to jump before the line. If the line is crossed, the jump will be declared illegal and the distance jumped will not be counted. 

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Long Jump distance is marked from the first body mark on the sandpit

The distance of the jump is judged by the length from the mark before the sandpit and is always judged at a perpendicular angle. The body mark closest to the mark will be considered the end of the jump and the final length. For this reason, contestants try not to have their hands hit the ground behind their lower waists while landing.

Furthermore, athletes can only be aided to a certain extent while jumping. With the advances made in running shoe technology, long jumpers are bound by limitations. A maximum sole thickness of 13mm is allowed for the contest, and running spikes are also permitted. 

Trial jumps are allowed before the event

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Participants are also allowed to have trial jumps to test out the track or even rehearse before the jump. Once the event begins, they are not allowed to enter the running area until their turn comes up. 

If the number of participants is less, each one is given six attempts and the longest result is declared the winner. In case there are more than 8 participants, each one is given 3 turns and the best 8 are shortlisted. 

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In order to get a maximum distance, athletes gain a fast speed before taking off with both their legs in the air. Just before the landing, the legs are set down at an acute angle in order to get the perfect and maximum distance from the entire process. The forward motion of the legs achieves maximum air time for the body and this technique can win or lose the entire competition. 

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Luke Dias

1480 articles

Luke Dias is a senior WWE and AEW author at EssentiallySports, having published more than 1000 articles on professional wrestling. Having completed courses in Advanced Writing from the University of California and Media and Ethics from the University of Amsterdam, Luke is currently pursuing an undergraduate degree in Journalism from Xavier’s College. His tremendous knowledge of WWE history enables him to make past connections, adding depth to the articles.

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